A very varied range of professions

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There are many different dog-related professions, from breeder to boarding kennel owner, from groomer to trainer, meeting the demand for the increasing use of the dog in the service of society.

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Dog breeding is professionalised to a greater or lesser extent depending on the country. Some breeders are simply owners that mate their dog a couple of times a year, while others own huge establishments accommodating up to several hundred females for reproduction.

Regardless of the scale it is practised on, dog breeding needs to be as professional as possible in order to ensure that high-quality puppies are produced.

Laws vary depending on the country, but in most of them this is a highly regulated business in which quality and reliability are prioritised, entailing proper training for breeders.


For some breeds, regular grooming is essential; for others it is a luxury that brings pleasure to both owners and dogs.

Here again, proper training is indispensable, as grooming is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. In parts of Asia, nowadays you can even see dogs with dyed coloured coats, a practice that may perhaps become more widespread in time.


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Dog behaviourists are not exclusively veterinarians. Behaviourists need to have a very good knowledge of dogs as well as being skilled when it comes to dealing with owners, who can often be responsible for any behavioural problems their dog may have. Qualifications are available, including a university degree, although this is not yet a well-regulated field



Trainers help owners train their dog properly, which is the best guarantee of a future without behavioural problems.


Trainers have an important role to play in urban societies, where people often have only a patchy understanding of what dogs want and need. Trainers help owners train their dog properly, which is the best guarantee of a future without behavioural problems. Owners are strongly recommended to get the help of a trainer – through a club or on an individual basis – as soon as they purchase a puppy, especially if they have never had one before.

Boarding kennels

Boarding kennels provide accommodation for dogs when owners need to go away without them, whether for just a few days or annual holiday.

Boarding kennels are sometimes connected to breeding kennels, although good health practices ensure the two are always separate. Some boarding kennels will offer additional services, such as collection/delivery of the dog, or grooming.

Anyone considering using a boarding kennels should visit before booking their dog in to assess the quality of the accommodation and the staff.


The development of so many different types of service dogs in recent decades has increased the need for handlers, too.

Dog handlers may be members of the military, the police, the customs services, fire departments, security services or specialised search and rescue services.

Handlers have to undergo extensive training, because they have to train their dog before they can get to work. Certificates and licences apply to the dog team – the specific handler and dog – rather than the handler alone.

Dog walkers

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Dog walkers have come onto the scene in a big way in recent years and it can be amusing to see them grappling with a whole pack of dogs in parks and gardens during the day. It’s no surprise that dog walkers are popular in large towns and cities, where busy people often have little time to give their dog the exercise and companionship it needs. It’s important for dogs to socialise with other dogs and this is a great way to accomplish that.

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