Modern dogs


Since antiquity, dogs have been classified according to their skills. Back then they were either herders, hunting dogs or house dogs. Aristotle listed seven dog breeds, but did not mention Greyhounds, which had long existed in Egypt. In the 18th century, Buffon attempted to classify dogs by the shape of their ears, splitting them into thirty breeds depending on whether they had straight, drop or semi-prick ears. Cuvier, on the other hand, proposed classifying dogs as hound, mastiff or spaniel, based on the shape of their skull. In 1885 the French Stud Book split dogs into 29 distinct sections, reduced to eleven groups in the early 20th century and to ten, the current figure, in 1950.