The standards

The FCI group, the native name, any other common names and the various varieties are stated for each breed. Information is also provided on behaviour, character, training and use, as well as the main points in the standard.

  • Print
  • Increase text size Diminish text size

The standard states the origin of the breed, the various varieties that are accepted, general appearance, the aspect of the head, neck, body, limbs and tail, as well as all faults.

The faults observed during the dog’s “confirmation” indicate the dogs unsuitability for use in reproduction to limit the risk of the spread of hereditary genetic defects. If the dog meets the criteria in the breed standard its birth certificate can be exchanged for a pedigree, with which it is allowed to mate with the best individuals of the breed.

Standards may be adapted in time. Some written at the beginning of the century have been adapted to reflect the changes in the breed.

Learn more

Small, medium, large and giant breeds

The difference in weight between the smallest and the biggest dog breeds is among the most impressive in the animal world, ranging from just over 2 lbs (1 kg) in the Chihuahua to over 220 lbs (100 kg) in the English Mastiff. In humans and cats this ratio is between 2 and 2.5. This has led to various morphological, physiological, metabolic and behavioural differences with major consequences for health, diet and the relations of harmony between humans and dogs. Depending on height and weight, four main classes of adult dog can be distinguished: small, medium, large and giant.

© Diffomédia/Royal Canin
  • Print
  • Back to top
Attribute Type Value
The standards
    The standards

    Related medias

    Related articles