Gun dogs

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Alano (Spain): A cross between the descendants of Celtic hounds and mastiffs. It is said to be an ancestor of the Dogo Argentino. It has a solid head, drop ears, a fairly short body. Its hair is short, the coat red with a black muzzle. It hunts wild boars.

American Staghound (United States): Created through crosses between Scottish Deerhounds, Greyhounds and Irish Wolfhounds.

Bluetick Coonhound (United States):Created through crosses between Foxhounds, the English Coonhound, French guard dogs and hounds and the Black and Tan Coonhound. Measuring 20-27 inches (51-69cm) and weighing 44-79½ lbs (20-36kg). Close-cropped tricolour coat, with blue-ticked white foundation and tan markings. Created in Louisiana in the 19th century to hunt raccoons.

Boykin Spaniel (United States): An outstanding retriever specialised in ducks, created by Whit Boykin in South Carolina, who wanted a spaniel that could retrieve and hunt with talent.

Catahoula Cur (Catahoula Leopard Dog): The official state dog of Louisiana with a long but poorly established history. Measuring 20-26 inches (51-66cm) and weighing 39½-66¼ lbs (18-30kg). Drop ears and close-cropped hair. Walleyes are possible. Grey in colour with irregular black patches and tan markings on head and limbs. Big game dog that hunts bears just as well as racoons. Used as a herder but it also has good guarding qualities.

Catalburun (Turkey): Breed with much in common with the Pointer and pointing dogs in general, but with one striking difference: a nose “cut” in two, created by intensive inbreeding.

Épagneul de Saint-Usuge (France): This very old spaniel, which is separated by a regional differentiation of the French Spaniel in Bourgogne and Franche-Comté, had its own standard back in 1936. The breed was officially recognised by the Société Centrale Canine in 2003, when the first registrations were accepted.

Kerry Beagle (Ireland): This very old spaniel, which is separated by a regional differentiation of the French Spaniel in Bourgogne and Franche-Comté, had its own standard back in 1936. The breed was officially recognised by the Société Centrale Canine in 2003, when the first registrations were accepted.

Rampur Greyhound (India): Its origins are a little murky. It is said to be related to the Afghan Hound and the Sloughi. Greyhound blood was introduced into the breed in the 19th century. Measuring 22-30 inches (56-76cm) and weighing between 50¾-70½ lbs (23-32kg). Close-cropped hair. Very poorly known outside of its native country.

Lucas Terrier (United Kingdom): Created by Sir J. Lucas by crossing the Sealyham Terrier with the Norfolk Terrier in the 1950s. Measuring 10-11¾ inches (25-30cm) and weighing 10-12¼ lbs (4.5-6kg). Varied coat colours. Hunts in packs.

Lucas Terrier (United Kingdom): Created by Sir J. Lucas by crossing the Sealyham Terrier with the Norfolk Terrier in the 1950s. Measuring 10-11¾ inches (25-30cm) and weighing 10-12¼ lbs (4.5-6kg). Varied coat colours. Hunts in packs.

Lurcher (United Kingdom): Created by crossing Collie types with Greyhounds and Deerhounds, this Irish breed looks like a small greyhound. Measuring 27-30 inches (69-76cm) and weighing 59½ -70½ lbs (27-32kg). Long, narrow head, long body. Rough hair, often two-coloured coat: white with dark mantle and patching. Very popular hound, especially among poachers. Virtually unknown outside of Ireland or the United Kingdom.

Majestic Tree Hound (États-Unis) : A recent creation based on a cross between a Bloodhound and other hounds, used to hunt big cats and big game. It has an outstanding nose and a good voice. Big, solid, with skin folds on the face. The hair is short and the coat comes in one or more colours

Mountain Cur (United States): Created from crosses of European dogs imported by colonists and local pariah dogs. Strong and stocky, very similar to a former English sheepdog breed. A good tracker that rarely gives voice, hardy and brave. Weighing 35¼-66¼ lbs (16-30kg) depending on the sex.

Patterdale Terrier (Black Fell-Terrier) (United Kingdom): Originally from the village of Patterdale in Cumberland, northwest England, where it was very popular. Measuring 11¾ inches (30cm), weighing 11-12¼ lbs (5-6kg). Stocky, sturdily built, with folded ears, close hair. Coat colours are black, black and tan, brown and red. A brave, tenacious hunter of rabbits, foxes and vermin.

Plott Hound (United States): Descendant of dogs imported from Germany by the Plott family in the 17th century, which were crossed with English hounds. The Plott Hound hunts wolves, pumas, coyotes, wildcats, stags, bears, wild boars and more. Measuring 20¾-25¼ inches (53-64cm) and weighing 39½-64 lbs (18-29kg). Drop ears, short hair. Tricolour coat: white, tan with black saddle.

Plummer Terrier (United Kingdom): Its creator, Mr B Plummer, crossed the Fell Terrier variety of the Patterdale Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, an American Beagle and the Bull Terrier. Measuring 11½-13¼ inches (29-34cm) and weighing 12-15½ lbs (5.5-7kg). Compact body, drop ears, short, close-cropped hair, white and tan in colour. An excellent ratter.

Rastreador Brasileiro (Brazil): Created by crossing the American Foxhound, the Black and Tan Coonhound, the Treeing Walker Coonhound and the Bluetick Coonhound. Measuring around 25½ inches (65cm) and weighing around 55 lbs (25kg). Drop ears, short hair, either black and tan or tricolour. Strong, lively, brave and hardy, it hunts jaguars.

Redbone Coonhound (United States): A variety of the Black and Tan Coonhound that bears the name of its creator, the Tennessee breeder Mr P Redbone. Measuring 20¾-26 inches (53-66cm) and weighing 50¾-70½ lbs (23-32kg). Short hair of a solid red colour. It hunts racoons.

Redtick Coonhound (United States): Close parent of the Bluetick Coonhound, measuring 20-27 inches (51-69cm) and weighing 44-79½ lbs (20-36kg), with drop ears, short hair and hazel coat with lots of ticking. It hunts racoons and foxes, and is also a good guard dog.

Treeing Walker Coonhound (United States): Variety of the Black and Tan Coonhound introduced into Virginia in the 18th century by Mr T Walker. A dog that is bred for treeing, i.e. chasing racoons and opossums into a tree and holding them there until the hunters arrive. Measuring 20-27 inches (51-69cm) and weighing 50¾-70½ lbs (23-32kg). Solid head, drop ears. The smooth-haired coat is either tricolour (black, white and tan) or bicolour (white and tan).

Trigg Hound (United States): Variety of the American Fox Hound, measuring 20-24 inches (51-61cm) and weighing 44-55lbs (20-25kg), with fine hair that can come in any colour. A hardy hound with a subtle nose.

U’Cursinu (France): Old Corsican breed of medium proportions, measuring 16-22¾ inches (41-58cm) and weighing 44-66¼ lbs (20-30kg). Short to mid-length hair in fawn brindle or dark fawn, often with a black mask. A club founded in 1989 to protect the breed is recognised by the Société Centrale Canine.

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